Royal Flags of Thailand

The Royal Flags of Thailand (Thai: ธงประจำพระองค์) are flags that are usually flown in Thailand along with the National flag to honor the King and Queen as well as the Royal Family of Thailand. Unlike the Royal Standards that are only displayed in special ceremonies and in particular locations, the royal flags are a ubiquitous sight all over Thailand. They are not commonly seen, however, outside of the country.

There are two main royal flags, one for the King of Thailand, Bhumibol Adulyadej, popularly known as the „Ninth king“ (Rama IX), and the other for Queen Sirikit. Both flags are in plain colors with their respective royal cyphers. Other members of the royal family, like Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Princess Chulabhorn Walailak also have their own plain-color flags, but these are not seen very often, except at ceremonies personally led by them.

The royal flags are not only used officially, but also unofficially. They are displayed by Thai citizens of any social class or background at any location, usually beside the Thai flag, as a homage to their King and Queen. Honoring the royal family is a characteristic feature of Thai culture.

These flags are sold at most small stores and grocery stores in every town and village of Thailand. They come in many different sizes. Usually the symbol is printed only on one side of the flag.

The King’s flag is in yellow, the color of Monday, the day of his birth. It always has a symbol in the middle. There are a variety of symbols, but recently most king’s flags have either the symbol marking his 80th birthday or the one commemorating the 60th anniversary of his accession to the throne.

Both emblems in the center of the flag are quite complex, involving Buddhist iconography and ancient royal symbols of authority as well, such as the multi-tiered white umbrella. The kings’s symbols are always topped by the royal crown. Sometimes light rays are emanating from the top of the crown, these are also an element of royal symbology. In simplified versions of the flag the central symbol may come simply outlined in red.

Yellow is the color identified with the king in Thailand. Many Thais like to wear yellow shirts as an informal homage to their king, especially on Mondays, the day of his birth.

King’s flag with Royal cypher „ภ.ป.ร.“ and crown

King’s flag with the symbol marking his 80th Anniversary in 2007.

King’s flags decorated with the Symbol marking the 60th anniversary of King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s accession to the throne

The Queen’s flag is in blue, the color of Friday, the day of her birth. Unlike the flag of the king, her flag has always the same symbol in the middle. The symbol is her acronym, the white letter intertwined with the dark blue letter, below a yellow or golden royal crown, sometimes with a pink scroll with Thai writing underneath. In simplified versions of the flag this symbol may come simply outlined in white on the blue ground. This flag is mostly displayed around August, the month of the Queen’s birth.

Flag of Queen Sirikit of Thailand, blue flag with her acronym „ส.ก.“ under the royal crown.

Queen Sirikit’s flag with the king’s flag and the flags of Thailand.

A picture of Queen Sirikit with Thai flags and flags of her 72nd Anniversary in 2004.

Сан-Антонио (департамент, Рио-Негро)



провинцию Рио-Негро


24 000

1,7 чел./км²

14 015 км²


Департамент Сан-Антонио (исп. Departamento de San Antonio) — департамент в Аргентине в составе провинции Рио-Негро.

Территория — 14 015 км². Население — 24 тыс. человек. Плотность населения — 1,7 чел./км².

Департамент расположен на востоке провинции Рио-Негро.

Департамент граничит:

Авельянеда | Адольфо-Альсина | Барилоче | Вальчета | Вейнтисинко-де-Майо | Конеса | Ньоркинко | Нуэве-де-Хулио | Пильканьеу | Пичи-Мауида | Сан-Антонио | Хенераль-Рока | Эль-Куй

Clog (British)

A British clog is a wooden soled clog from Great Britain.

There are two explanations of the development of the English style clog. They may have evolved from pattens which were slats of wood held in place by thonging or similar strapping. They were usually worn under leather or fabric shoes to raise the wearer’s foot above the mud of the unmade road, not to mention commonly dumped human effluent and animal dung. Those too poor to afford shoes wore wood directly against the skin or hosiery, and thus the clog was developed, made of part leather and part wood. Alternatively they have been described as far back as Roman times, possibly earlier.

The wearing of clogs in Britain became more visible with the Industrial Revolution, when industrial workers needed strong, cheap footwear. Men and women wore laced and clasped clogs respectively, the fastening clasps being of engraved brass or more commonly steel. Nailed under the sole at toe and heel were clog irons, called calkers or cokers, generally 3/8″ wide x 1/4″ thick with a groove down the middle to protected the nail heads from wear. The heyday of the clog in Britain was between the 1840s and 1920s and, although traditionally associated with Lancashire, they were worn all over the country, not just in the industrial North of England. Indeed, Mark Clyndes of Walkleys says „More clogs were worn down south than in the northern industrial towns“. The London fish docks, fruit markets and the mines of Kent being particularly noted.

Clogs were sometimes handed out as part of poor relief; the Blackburn Weekly Telegraph recorded five people receiving „gifts of clogs or parcels of clothing“ in 1912.

Although associated in the popular mind with dancing, clogs are still used in industry and are available tested to EN345. Such clogs are particularly advantageous in metal working industries where hot swarf or spashes of molten metal may be found on the floor. In 1989 three shiploads of clogs were sent to The Netherlands due to the perceived inferiority of the Dutch clog in wet fields.

In the past the English tended to employ Welsh and West Country alder, Scottish birch and Lincolnshire willow for the soles. The Welsh favoured alder, birch & sycamore. for their clog soles.

The traditional method of construction starts with gangs of itinerant woodsmen who would buy a stand of timber for the felling. The regular gangs would operate in a similar fashion to coppice workers and circulate around 12 stands in 12 years to allow regrowth. The timber was felled and sawn to length. Logs from larger trees were split; that from smaller coppice wood did not require splitting. The billets were roughly shaped with a stock knife and a deep notch put in where the sole and heel meet. All the work was done in green wood which is easier to work than seasoned wood. The clog blocks were then generally stacked up in open pyramids to allow the air to circulate and seasoned for a few months. The offcuts and waste was sold on, either as pea-sticks and firewood to provide money for food or else as fuel to the wool dyeing trade.

The seasoned wood was sold on to the master clogger who would finish the work on the now dry, seasoned wood. The same stock knives were used for shaping with two more pivot knives, the hollower and the gripper bit. The latter is used to cut the rebate to hold the upper. The final operation is to finish the sole perfectly smooth by rasps and short bladed knives.

Grew & Neergaard summise that a similar method was used in medieval times, in part from an illustration in the Mendel Housebook. A workman is shown using a small hand adze for finishing pattens with drawknives (or possibly stock knives) hanging on the wall behind.

The uppers are made from leather either cut according to patterns or stamped out. At the lighter end are various styles of sandals, then through shoe types to industrial, farming and army boots. When cutting either card or metal patterns are used, with the latter the knife makes a clicking sound and the term used is „clicking out“. The vamp and the quarters and heel stiffener are stitched together and eyelets or fastenings attached.

Traditionally using Indian Water Buffalo Waxed Kip the uppers were stretched over a solid straight last, using lasting pincers and the hot Half Round Bottom Glazer to heat and soften the leather, and once cooled and set to shape were transferred and tack lasted onto the soles. In the 20th century sprung lasts became used allowing whatever leather utilised to be tacked directly to the soles The junction is secured with brass or steel clog welt tacks nailed over narrow strip of leather (the welt). Most clogs are finished off with external brass or steel toe tins to protect the toe of the clog when kicking or kneeling. Those on the leather welt strip covering the join of leather and wood are called „inners“ and those covering the wooden soles are „outers“. Clogs could have either or both. The steel toecap used in safety clogs is generally fitted under the leather and is another item again.

Finally the soling is applied according to the customer’s requirements. Clog-irons have been mentioned above, clogs are also shod (horse-shoe shaped rubber) or fully soled and heeled with rubber.

Alder was plentiful and cheap; the tree grows next to streams. The wood is easy to work by hand, but not durable in damp conditions. Like elm it needs to be fully immersed in water for it to be durable. It is quite light, and could be cut into a thick sole without adding too much weight. According to Grew and de Neergaard it is „resilient and extremely durable when wet, [and] has been the favourite material for clog-making in England right up to the present day“. It was popular in the hot industries (steel making for example) because replacement woods could be quickly made, and it was rarely constantly damp. However being relatively soft, it makes a poor dance clog, where sound is important. Another disadvantage is that the wood has a tendency to split if taken from the centre of the tree. So much alder was used for clogs that in parts of Wales it was called Pren Clocsia (Clog Wood) rather than Gwern.

Beech is a good wood for machining, but suffers from being heavy and having a short grain. Modern machined-beech soles tend to be thinner with a shallower cast (the curve to the toe). This is not a problem for factory work, but is a disadvantage for dancing and hill walking. In the former case there is less spring and in the latter case the wearer tends to cantilever off the tip of the toe which gets worn quickly. Machine soles were generally of flatter profile, possibly so as to get more soles from a balk of timber. „I’d sell my Grandmother for a ha’penny a pair“. They were comfortable when standing at machinery all day, indeed the safety toecap made only fits a shallower sole with less „cast“.

Sycamore is light and hard with a longer grain than beech and wears well. It was the wood of choice in much of Pembrokeshire, where it was worked green. In a 1920s government survey of rural trades and crafts it was stated that the Welsh would pay double for Sycamore. However its use was unknown in many other parts of Wales. Sycamore can be worked wet without being seasoned as it is the most stable of woods, indeed it must be if the traditional carving tools are used, as it dries too hard to be commercially viable, possibly the reason it was little used.

Ash is considered by Tefor Owen to be the best wood for dance soles, but it does not wear as well as sycamore. If the clogs are only to be used on wooden floors he recommends it, otherwise the better-wearing properties of sycamore win out. Ash can have a tendency to delaminate along the growth rings when bruised.

Willow is another wood with good resistance to moist conditions. It can be tough and resilient. Lincolnshire willow found favour amongst English cloggers, and Willow was also favoured in the Trough Of Bowland, but was never widely used in Wales. Which type of Willow was used is uncertain, and as there are many varieties of willow tree, this information is not particularly helpful. (In a parallel example, Sycamore is a Maple, but Field Maple has far less split resistance, and Norway Maple dries out about as heavy as Beech.)

Closely related to the willow (in the same family, Salicaceae) are the poplars, including the Aspen. The Aspen is used for French sabots. In medieval England this wood was specifically banned for patten making (4 Henry V c.3 of 1416) in order to preserve the stock for arrows. Anyone caught flouting the law was subject to a hundred shilling (£5) fine, half of which was paid to the Fletchers. By 1464-5 however it was permitted (4 Edward IV c.9) to use „such Timber of Asp, that is not apt, sufficient, nor convenient to be made into (arrowshafts)“ because „Asp timber be the best and lightest Timber to make Pattens and Clogs“. This may have been due to its resistance to abrasion when used as a bare sole against the ground.

Kip full grain leather was a Water Buffalo hide impregnated with tallow, oils and waxes; it was made in India. Split Kip was split leather and was often used just on the heel (the quarters). The presence of wax and oil made the leather hard, and necessitated a heated Half Round Bottom Glazer for shaping over the last. Kip lasts up to 40 years, but is no longer imported.

Crust-dyed chrome 2–4 mm thick is used by some makers.

Vegetable tan leather can be too stiff, insufficiently strong and not waterproof, although some European Veg Tan can be very supple and tough.

Clog dancing should not be confused with Morris dancing, which may be performed in clogs.

There is a theory that clogging or clog dancing arose in these industrial textiles mills as a result of the mill workers entertaining themselves by syncopating foot taps with the rhythmic sounds made by the loom shuttles. Clog dancing became a widespread pastime during this period in England. During the nineteenth century, competitions were held, and professional clog dancers performed in the music halls.

Clog dancing is a continuing tradition in Wales. The difference between Welsh clogging and other step-dance traditions is that the performances do not only include complicated stepping, but also ‚tricks‘ such as snuffing out a lit candle with the dancer’s feet, toby stepping, which is similar to Cossack dancing, and high leaps into the air.

The Cloggies was a long running cartoon strip satirising Northerners. The cartoon popularised the existing use of cloggie to refer to people from the Northern industrial areas, particularly Lancashire.

Clog fighting, known in Lancashire as ‚purring‘, was a combative means of settling disputes. Clog fighting and its associated betting by spectators was illegal.

It is all up and down fighting here. They fought quite naked, excepting their clogs. When one has the other down on the ground he first endeavors to choke him by squeezing his throat, then he kicks him on the head with his clogs. Sometimes they are very severely injured.

Terje Riis-Johansen

Terje Riis-Johansen (* 15. März 1968 in Skien) ist ein norwegischer Politiker.

1991 wurde er für die Zentrumspartei in den Stadtrat von Skien und in die Fylkesversammlung von Telemark gewählt. Von 1993 bis 1997 war er Abgeordneter im Storting. Ab 2005 war er Minister im 2. Kabinett Stoltenberg, zunächst für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung, seit dem 20. Juni 2008 bis zum 4. März 2011 für Öl und Energie.

Riis-Johansen hat auch reiche Erfahrung in Organisationen, unter anderem war er 1989−1991 im Zentralvorstand des norwegischen Landjugendverbandes, 1995–1997 stellvertretender Vorsitzender der Organisation Nein zur EU und 2000–2005 im Vorstand des norwegischen Bauernverbandes.

Jens Stoltenberg (Ap) | Tora Aasland (SV) 2007–12 | Rigmor Aasrud (Ap) 2009– | Dag Terje Andersen (Ap) 2006–09 | Marit Arnstad (Sp) 2012– | Karita Bekkemellem (Ap) 2005–07 | Lisbeth Berg-Hansen (Ap) 2009– | Helen Bjørnøy (SV) 2005–07 | Hanne Bjurstrøm (Ap) 2009–12 | Lars Peder Brekk (Sp) 2008–12 | Sylvia Brustad (Ap) 2005–09 | Øystein Djupedal (SV) 2005–07 | Espen Barth Eide (Ap) 2011– | Odd Roger Enoksen (Sp) 2005–07 | Odd Eriksen (Ap) 2005–06 | Grete Faremo (Ap) 2009– | Trond Giske (Ap) | Åslaug Haga (Sp) 2005–08 | Kristin Halvorsen (SV) | Bjarne Håkon Hanssen (Ap) 2005–09 | Heikki Holmås (SV) 2012– | Anniken Huitfeldt (Ap) 2008– | Sigbjørn Johnsen (Ap) 2009– | Magnhild Meltveit Kleppa (Sp) 2007–12 | Audun Lysbakken (SV) 2009–12 | Ola Borten Moe (Sp) 2011– | Liv Signe Navarsete (Sp) | Helga Pedersen (Ap) 2005–09 | Manuela Ramin-Osmundsen (Ap) 2007–08 | Terje Riis-Johansen (Sp) 2005–11 | Heidi Grande Røys (SV) 2005–09 | Karl Eirik Schjøtt-Pedersen (Ap) 2009– | Erik Solheim (SV) 2005–12 | Bård Vegar Solhjell (SV) 2007–09, 2012– | Knut Storberget (Ap) 2005–11 | Jonas Gahr Støre (Ap) | Anne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen (Ap) | Hadia Tajik (Ap) 2012– | Inga Marte Thorkildsen (SV) 2012– | Trygve Slagsvold Vedum (Sp) 2012–

Zahn um Zahn (Film)

Zahn um Zahn ist ein deutscher Kinofilm von Hajo Gies aus dem Jahr 1985, der auf der bekannten Fernsehreihe Tatort beruht. Die Hauptrolle spielt Götz George als Kriminalhauptkommissar Horst Schimanski. Der Titelsong Faust auf Faust wurde von der Klaus Lage Band gesungen. Drehorte waren die Städte Duisburg und Marseille.

Während einer Demonstration in Duisburg wird Alf Krüger mit seiner Familie in der eigenen Wohnung erschossen aufgefunden. Die Polizei geht zunächst von einem Familiendrama mit erweitertem Suizid aus; auffallend ist jedoch, dass Krügers jüngstes Kind überlebt hat, weil es sich unter dem Wohnzimmertisch versteckt hat.

Krüger war zehn Tage vor seinem Tod als Buchhalter von den Grassmann-Werken in Duisburg fristlos entlassen worden; er soll angeblich 80.000 DM unterschlagen haben. Kriminalhauptkommissar Horst Schimanski, der den Toten aus der Schulzeit kannte, fährt auf eigene Faust zu Grassmann, um ihn zu verhören. Es kommt zu einem Streit, in dessen Verlauf Schimanski handgreiflich wird und das Haus wütend verlässt. Daraufhin wird er von Kriminaloberrat Königsberg vom Dienst suspendiert.

Zur selben Zeit ist die hübsche Journalistin Ulli, die Schimanski nicht unbekannt ist, im selben Fall tätig. Sie verschafft sich unerlaubt Zutritt zu Krügers Wohnung, um nach Anhaltspunkten für dessen Selbstmord zu suchen. Als sie glaubt, fündig geworden zu sein, und einige Akten aus der Wohnung mitnehmen will, begegnet ihr Schimanski. Dieser fordert sie auf, sich aus dem Fall ’rauszuhalten; später stellt sich heraus, dass Ulli fast immer einen Schritt schneller ist als er. Auch Schimanski bekommt Einsicht in Krügers Akten, in denen eine Firma Delattre aus Marseille auftaucht.

Schimanski will auf eigene Faust nach Marseille reisen, um eine Kontaktperson namens Kremer zu treffen, die ihm wertvolle Informationen über eine angebliche Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Grassmann- und den Delattre-Werken geben soll. Bei der Ausreisekontrolle am Flughafen wird er von Thanner festgenommen. Er schlägt diesen jedoch k.o. und steigt in das bereitstehende Flugzeug. Bevor Schimanski in Marseille an die Informationen herankommt, findet er den Kontaktmann ermordet in dessen Hotelzimmer auf. Unmittelbar darauf trifft die französische Polizei ein; der suspendierte Schimanski ist Hauptverdächtiger. Er wird von der Polizei zunächst wieder auf freien Fuß gesetzt, darf jedoch Marseille nicht verlassen, was seine Ermittlungen erheblich beeinträchtigt. Kurze Zeit später begegnet er Ulli, die ebenfalls nach Marseille gereist ist, um ihre Recherchen dort fortzuführen. Sie fahren gemeinsam zu den Delattre-Werken und nehmen den Direktor kurzerhand gewaltsam zu einer „gemütlichen Fahrt am Mittelmeer entlang“ mit. Sie finden heraus, dass der Direktor Besuch aus Duisburg hatte, nämlich von Alf Krüger. Im Laufe des Gesprächs erfahren sie eine der Adressen von Frederic Delattre. Sie wollen ihn persönlich kennenlernen; Ulli fährt jedoch alleine hin und lässt Schimanski zurück, dieser kommt zu Fuß nach. An der Pforte der „Villa Delattre“ hat er eine unangenehme Begegnung; er trifft auf Pierre Hacker, den Hausverwalter, den er, scheinbar zufällig im Flugzeug nach Marseille bereits kennengelernt hat. Gerade als er ihn begrüßen will, spürt er einen dumpfen Schlag und wird ohnmächtig.

Er kommt wieder zu sich, als er in einer brennenden Scheune liegt. Neben ihm liegt Ulli. Es gelingt ihm, sich und Ulli aus der Scheune zu befreien. Ulli zeigt sich dafür erkenntlich, dass Schimanski ihr das Leben gerettet hat, und die beiden verlieben sich ineinander. Jedoch werden sie von vier Franzosen verfolgt, die es auf Schimanski abgesehen haben. Als sie in einer Bar sitzen, bricht ein Streit aus. Ulli kann fliehen, Schimanski muss es jedoch mit den vier Franzosen aufnehmen, wobei einer von ihnen zu Tode kommt. Schimanski versucht zu fliehen, kommt jedoch nicht weit und wird wieder von der Polizei gefasst.

Auf der Wache erfährt er, dass der Tote das Abzeichen einer kriminellen und einflussreichen Gruppe von Ex-Fremdenlegionären trägt, deren Chef Delattre persönlich ist. Durch seine unbedarfte Einmischung habe Schimanski jahrelange verdeckte Ermittlungsarbeit innerhalb dieser Gruppe zunichtegemacht. Die erboste Polizei lässt ihn abermals frei, weist ihn aber an, noch am selben Tag Marseille zu verlassen. Vor dem Polizeigebäude wartet Ulli auf ihn, gemeinsam fahren sie noch einmal zur Villa Delattre. Sie können sich Zutritt zur Villa verschaffen, in der sie Fotos und Verträge finden. Ein Foto interessiert Schimanski besonders: Frederic Delattre ist darauf zwar nur von hinten in einer Uniform zu sehen, doch ihm gegenüber steht Alf Krüger senior, der Vater des toten jungen Alf Krüger! Schimanski ist geschockt. Ulli hingegen entwendet einen Vertrag, in dem dokumentiert ist, dass die Grassmann-Werke schon längst an Delattre verkauft sind und das Werk in Duisburg geschlossen werden soll. Die beiden erfahren, dass Alf Krüger genau dies erfahren hatte und deswegen sterben musste, weil er damit drohte, an die Öffentlichkeit zu gehen. Als sie die Villa verlassen wollen, werden sie von Pierre Hacker überrascht, der mit einem Gewehr auf sie schießt. Sie können ihn überwältigen und überführen ihn im Kofferraum eines Leihwagens nach Duisburg. Eine Gegenüberstellung mit Krüger senior und dem hinterbliebenen Mädchen spricht eine eindeutige Sprache: Hacker ist der Mörder von Alf Krüger und seiner Familie, sein Auftraggeber war Delattre. Der mit seiner Pistole bewaffnete Schimanski und Hacker gehen aus dem Haus und zu Fuß über die dunkle, menschenleere Straße – Ziel: unbekannt. Plötzlich hört man einen lauten Knall und Hacker bricht zusammen, eine Kugel im Kopf. Noch bevor Schimanski fassen kann, was passiert ist, fährt ein Polizeiwagen vor. Die Beamten wollen ihn verhaften. Er kann jedoch erneut fliehen.

Am nächsten Morgen begegnet er Ulli wieder, die ihm mitteilt, dass sie einen Interviewtermin mit Delattre habe – Grassmann habe ihn vermittelt. Schimanski hat einen Verdacht und warnt sie eindringlich, nicht zu Grassmanns Zweitanwesen zu fahren. Entgegen seiner Bitte tut sie es doch und Schimanski fährt ihr nach. Ulli klopft bei Grassmann an die Tür; als jedoch auch nach wiederholtem Klopfen niemand öffnet, zieht sie die Tür auf. Schimanski, der einen Augenblick später am Ort des Geschehens eintrifft, hört den lauten Knall einer Sprengstoffexplosion. Ulli fliegt ein paar Meter weit und schlägt mit dem Kopf auf den Boden. Schimanski eilt sofort zu ihr, schwer verletzt stirbt sie jedoch in seinen Armen.

Verzweifelt läuft er durch die Trümmer des Hauses und sieht sich um. Er findet die Fotoaufnahme aus der Villa Delattre, aufgenommen aus einer anderen Perspektive; der Mann in Uniform gegenüber von Krüger senior ist Grassmann. Voller Hass fasst er den Entschluss, zu Grassmann nach Hause zu fahren und die Sache zu Ende zu bringen. Er stört eine Festlichkeit und tritt in blutverschmierter Jacke dem elegant gekleideten Grassmann gegenüber. Als dieser zugibt, Delattre zu sein, den Mord an Alf Krüger und seiner Familie angeordnet und auch Ulli umgebracht zu haben, zieht Schimanski seine Waffe und richtet sie auf Grassmanns Kopf. Im nächsten Moment fällt ein Schuss, Grassmann bricht mit einer Kopfwunde zusammen. Doch es war nicht Schimanski, der geschossen hat. Als letzten Beweis, dass er sich nicht getäuscht hat, reißt Schimanski das Hemd des sterbenden Grassmann auf; man sieht das Abzeichen der Legion, das er auch bei Hacker und Kremer gesehen hat.

In der letzten Szene wandern Schimanski und Krüger senior am Rhein entlang und unterhalten sich über Krügers alten Karabiner aus seiner Zeit bei der Fremdenlegion. Es wird deutlich, dass Krüger Grassmann und Hacker damit erschossen hat und dass Schimanski über diese Taten Stillschweigen bewahren wird.

Zahn um Zahn wurde von der Bavaria Atelier GmbH für den WDR produziert. Es handelt sich um die 200. Folge der Tatort-Reihe und den ersten ARD-Krimi, der speziell fürs Kino hergestellt wurde. Der Film wurde erst am 27. Dezember 1987 als offizielle Tatort-Folge im Fernsehen gezeigt. 1987 folgte der zweite Tatort-Kinofilm Zabou. Hajo Gies führte bei zwölf der 29 anderen Tatorte mit dem Duo Schimanski/Thanner Regie.

Der Film musste nachträglich gekürzt werden, da es zu einem Schleichwerbeskandal gekommen war. In auffälliger Weise wurden in mehreren Szenen Hustenbonbons der Marke Paroli platziert, für die George (als Schimanski) seinerzeit Werbung machte.

Der Song Faust auf Faust erreichte Ende 1985 Platz 10 der deutschen Charts. Die Schauspieler Charles Brauer und Martin Lüttge spielten später selbst Tatort-Kommissare.

Im Gegensatz zum zweiten Kinofilm Zabou besitzt Zahn um Zahn keinen eigenständigen Soundtrack. Ein Zusammenschnitt der Filmmusik von Zahn um Zahn in 11-minütiger Länge findet sich auf der B-Seite der Klaus Lage Band 12″-Maxi-Single „Stille Wasser“ von 1985. Auf der gleichnamigen 7″ Single ist der Titel „Universum“ auf der B-Seite.

„Überzeugender, rasant inszenierter Actionfilm mit guten Darstellern und Sinn für Atmosphäre und Witz. Insgesamt solide Unterhaltung ohne sonderlichen Tiefgang.“

Duisburg-Ruhrort (1981) | Grenzgänger (1981) | Der unsichtbare Gegner (1982) | Das Mädchen auf der Treppe (1982) | Kuscheltiere (1982) | Miriam (1983) | Kielwasser (1984) | Zweierlei Blut (1984) | Rechnung ohne Wirt (1984) | Doppelspiel (1985) | Das Haus im Wald (1985) | Der Tausch (1986) | Schwarzes Wochenende (1986) | Freunde (1986) | Spielverderber (1987) | Zahn um Zahn (1985/1987) | Gebrochene Blüten (1988) | Einzelhaft (1988) | Moltke (1988) | Der Pott (1989) | Blutspur (1989) | Katjas Schweigen (1989) | Medizinmänner (1990) | Zabou (1987/1990) | Schimanskis Waffe (1990) | Unter Brüdern (1990) | Bis zum Hals im Dreck (1991) | Kinderlieb (1991) | Der Fall Schimanski (1991)

Duck circovirus

The Duck circovirus (DuCV) is a type of virus found in ducks. Strains of the virus have predominantly been found in China, though strains have also been isolated from ducks in Germany and the United States.

Duck circovirus is a small nonenveloped virus with a monomeric single-stranded circular DNA genome. DuCV has been clustered in the Circoviridae family genus Circovirus, according to the eighth report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.

Scientists have studied the Duck circovirus by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods and dot blot hybridisation (DBH) tests. Infection with DuCV appears to cause growth disorders in ducks as well as eventual immunosuppression due to depletion of lymphatic cells.

It was found that ducks between the ages of 40∼60 days were more susceptible to Duck circovirus. There was no evidence showing that the DuCV virus was capable of vertical transmission.

The symptoms are immunosuppression, stunting in growth, and also feather abnormalities.

The PCR and dot blot hybridization (DBH) test was used in 2006-2007. 742 ducks from 70 duck farms were tested. The overall infection rate was 33.29%. Ducks at 3–4 weeks of age where more susceptible to DuCV virus.

Anas platyrhynchos, Cairina moschata, and the American Pekin Duck are the ducks most affected by the DuCV virus. These ducks come from various regions of the world.

A vaccination against Duck circovirus has not been found. Researchers are still actively trying to find a vaccine.[citation needed]

Leytonstone tube station

Leytonstone is a London Underground station on the Central line, on the boundary of Zones 3 and 4. Towards London the next station is Leyton, while going east from Leytonstone, the line divides into two branches. On the direct route to Woodford and Epping the next stop is Snaresbrook, and on the Hainault loop it is Wanstead.

The station was opened by the Eastern Counties Railway on 22 August 1856. In turn it became, from 1862, part of the Great Eastern Railway system and then in 1923 part of the London & North Eastern Railway before being transferred to London Transport in 1947. This formed part of the „New Works Programme 1935 – 1940“ that was to see major changes at Leytonstone with the station becoming the junction of the existing Epping branch, newly electrified, with the new tube tunnel running under Eastern Avenue towards Newbury Park. This work saw a complete reconstruction of the station along with the removal of the level crossing at Church Lane and its replacement by an underbridge. The work stopped in May 1940 due to wartime priorities; further delays were caused by the station buildings being hit by a German bomb in January 1944. During the war, the new tunnels were used as an aircraft component factory; the part closest to Leytonstone was a public air-raid shelter.

The station was first served by the Central line on 5 May 1947 when it became the temporary terminus of the line, passengers changing on to steam shuttle onwards to Epping. This ceased on 14 December 1947 with the extension of Underground services to Woodford and Newbury Park.

In honour of the centenary of the birth of film director Sir Alfred Hitchcock (born 13 August 1899 in Leytonstone), the London Borough of Waltham Forest commissioned the Greenwich Mural Workshop to create a series of mosaics of Hitchcock’s life and works in the tube station. Work was started in June 2000 and the mosaics were unveiled on 3 May 2001.

Three people were stabbed inside the station’s ticket hall during the evening of 5 December 2015, with one person suffering serious knife injuries. The Metropolitan Police arrested the attacker inside the station after using Tasers against him. They subsequently announced that the stabbings were being treated as a ‚terrorist incident‘ and a counter-terrorism operation had been launched. Video footage later emerged of the attacker repeatedly shouting „this is for Syria“, in reference to the Royal Air Force’s bombing of ISIL targets in Syria, which began on 3 December following parliamentary approval.

The station has three platforms. The centre platform is generally used for through services going westbound, but can be used to terminate trains from both directions. However, due to the configuration of the tracks, trains going eastbound from this platform can only access the Epping branch. Trains needing access to the Hainault branch can do so by shunting west of the station, and then running into the normal eastbound platform via a crossover.

London Buses routes 66, 145, 257, 339, W13, W14, W15, W16 and W19 and night route N8 serve the station and bus station.

The westbound platforms at Leytonstone, looking west

View of platforms

Leytonstone junction, showing the diverge between Epping and Hainault branches, the latter diverging and heading underground

Western entrance facing Grove Green Road and bus stand.

Hitchcock The Director

Charles E. Potter

Charles Edward Potter (October 30, 1916 – November 23, 1979) was a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan.

Potter was born in Lapeer, Michigan and attended the public schools there. He received an AB degree from Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, in 1938. He worked as an administrator of Bureau of Social Aid in Cheboygan County, Michigan, 1938–1942. In 1942, he enlisted as a private in the United States Army with combat service in the European Theater of Operations with the US 28th Infantry Division. He was seriously wounded at Colmar, Alsace, France, in 1945, resulting in the loss of both legs. He was discharged from the service as a major in 1946.

He was awarded the Silver Star twice, the French Croix de Guerre, and the U.S. Purple Heart. After the war, he was engaged as a vocational rehabilitation representative for the Retraining and Reemployment Administration with the United States Labor Department until his resignation in 1947.

Potter was elected on August 26, 1947, as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives from Michigan’s 11th congressional district for the 80th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Fred Bradley. He was reelected to the two succeeding Congresses and served from August 26, 1947 until his resignation November 4, 1952.

He was elected to the United States Senate in 1952 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Arthur H. Vandenberg, replacing Blair Moody, who had been appointed to the post. He served the remainder of Vandenberg’s term, from November 5, 1952, to January 3, 1953. He was also elected in 1952 for the term commencing January 3, 1953, defeating Moody in both elections. He served until January 3, 1959, having been defeated for reelection to a second term in 1958 by Philip Hart.

During his tenure, he served as the only member of the Subcommittee on Korean War Atrocities, investigating war crimes committed during the Korean War.

After leaving Congress, Potter engaged as an industrial consultant and international securities executive. In his 1965 memoir, Days of Shame, he outlined the battle between moderate Republicans and Democrats to contend with Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy. Potter was a close confidante of President Dwight D. Eisenhower on this and other issues.

Potter was a Methodist and a member of American Legion, Amvets, Disabled American Veterans, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Eagles, Elks, Kiwanis, and the American Battle Monuments Commission. He resided in Queenstown, Maryland, until his death at Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington, D.C. at the age of sixty-three.

Charles E. Potter is interred in Section 30 of Arlington National Cemetery, Fort Myer, Virginia.

Mariusz Jop

Mariusz Jop (født 3. august, 1978 i Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski) er en polsk fotballspiller som spiller forsvar for Górnik Zabrze. Han har tidligere spilt for det polske landslaget i fotball i perioden 2003 til 2008, og var med i den polske troppen både til VM i fotball 2006 og EM i fotball 2008.

Han startet karrieren i lokalklubben KSZO Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski. Han vant den Polske ligaen med Wisła Kraków i sesongene 2000/01, 2002/03 og 2003/04. Etter overgangen til Russland og spill der, så ble han den første polakken til å score mål i den russiske toppdivisjonen.

Han ble tatt ut blant de 23 som skulle representere Polen i 2006 FIFA World Cup i Tyskland.

Han ble også tatt ut av Leo Beenhakker til og representere Polen i EM 2008 i Østerrike og Sveits.

1 Boruc · 2 Jop · 3 Gancarczyk · 4 Baszczyński · 5 Kosowski · 6 Bąk · 7 Sobolewski · 8 Krzynówek · 9 Żurawski · 10 Szymkowiak · 11 Rasiak · 12 Kuszczak · 13 Mila · 14 Żewłakow · 15 Smolarek · 16 Radomski · 17 Dudka · 18 Lewandowski · 19 Bosacki · 20 Giza · 21 Jeleń · 22 Fabiański · 23 Brożek · trener: Janas

1 Boruc · 2 Jop · 3 Wawrzyniak · 4 Golański · 5 Dudka · 6 Bąk · 7 Smolarek · 8 Krzynówek · 9 Żurawski · 10 Garguła · 11 Saganowski · 12 Kowalewski · 13 Wasilewski · 14 Żewłakow · 15 Pazdan · 16 Piszczek · 17 Łobodziński · 18 Lewandowski · 19 Murawski · 20 Guerreiro · 21 Zahorski · 22 Fabiański · 23 Kokoszka · trener: Beenhakker

Keith Hay

Keith Wilson Hay CBE (13 December 1917 – 2 January 1997) was a New Zealand homebuilder, entrepreneur, local body politician and conservative Christian political activist.

Born in Hastings, Hay was the only son of Scottish immigrant William Hay and Elsie Major, who had married three years previously. In 1930, Hay left school at standard six to split fenceposts for a retired headmaster at Kohukohu, who taught the young man accountancy during the evenings. In 1933, Hay relocated to Auckland and obtained a job at the KDV Morningside box factory. In 1938, he tried to start his own caravan business, but later found that he was more talented at home building.

In 1942, Hay married Enid Paris in Mount Eden, having joined the New Zealand Army Service Corps in 1941. Although he was initially involved in the Mount Eden branch of the New Zealand Labour Party, he unsuccessfully stood as candidate for breakaway Labour MP John A. Lee and his Democratic Labour Party at the 1943 New Zealand general election.

During his time at the Army Service Corps, Hay pioneered a number of innovative home building and relocation procedures, and these were to stand him in good stead in civilian life when he started Keith Hay Homes in 1949. In 1953, he moved his company to Mount Roskill.

At the same time as he relocated his company to Mount Roskill, Hay entered local body politics in that semi-rural borough, becoming first a borough councillor (1950) and then Mayor of Roskill Borough (1953–1974). As Mayor, he sold council plant, contracted out services and constructed amenities. After his retirement as Roskill Mayor, Hay was then elected to the Auckland Regional Council, and also served on the Auckland International Airport Committee. As a civic leader, he was honoured with an OBE in 1966, and a CBE in 1977.

Hay was a devout Protestant Christian. As Mount Roskill mayor, he always started his meetings with a prayer service and was responsible for Mount Roskill’s status as Auckland’s „Bible Belt.“ By 1988, it was estimated that there were twenty-six churches for the borough’s 35,000 inhabitants.

In 1969, Hay helped to organise a nationwide New Zealand Billy Graham Crusade. 1972, he was a principal organiser for the Marches for Jesus that year, which involved an estimated 70,000 people. He then became involved in bitter controversy when he opposed passage of New Zealand’s Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986, and earned the enmity of New Zealand’s lesbian and gay communities. He established the Coalition of Concerned Citizens along with Sir Peter Tait in 1986, but that organisation failed to achieve its objective of curtailing passage of that legislation. Thereafter, Hay became more reticent, retiring from local body politics and devoting himself to civic charity work.

In 1997, Hay died at Auckland City Hospital, aged seventy-nine. His son, David Hay, later became Auckland City Deputy Mayor under Mayor Les Mills, and was also noted for his opposition to the gay pride movement, attacking Auckland’s lesbian and gay Hero Parade in the mid-nineties. Today, David Hay’s former home houses the Maxim Institute’s office.

There is a park and sports field area, Keith Hay Park in Mt Roskill, named after him.